Functors representing data structures that can be traversed from
left to right.
Minimal complete definition: traverse or sequenceA.
Instances are similar to Functor, e.g. given a data type
data Tree a = Empty | Leaf a | Node (Tree a) a (Tree a)
a suitable instance would be
instance Traversable Tree
traverse f Empty = pure Empty
traverse f (Leaf x) = Leaf <$> f x
traverse f (Node l k r) = Node <$> traverse f l <*> f k <*> traverse f r
This is suitable even for abstract types, as the laws for <*>
imply a form of associativity.